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Published by Edizioni Dedalo From: antiquesitaly Roma, Italy. About this Item: Edizioni Dedalo, Condition: nuovo. Seller Inventory ABE More information about this seller Contact this seller 2. More information about this seller Contact this seller 3. About this Item: Traduit de l'italien, Sellerio, , pp. More information about this seller Contact this seller 4. Published by Sellerio About this Item: Sellerio, Condition: Assez bon. Seller Inventory TGL More information about this seller Contact this seller 5.
More information about this seller Contact this seller 6. More information about this seller Contact this seller 7. Condition: New. Comprised of 24 fascinating and often surprising anecdotal portraits, this literary study explores. No aceptamos pedidos con destino a Ceuta y Melilla. More information about this seller Contact this seller 8. Published by Editorial Impedimenta.
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More information about this seller Contact this seller Published by flammarion About this Item: flammarion, Couverture souple. Condition: Neuf. Published by Editorial Impedimenta, United States Language: Spanish. Brand New Book. Comprised of 24 fascinating and often surprising anecdotal portraits, this literary study explores the odd jobs that some of the world s most famous writers had to take in order to support themselves financially while working on their masterpieces.
Before they were beloved by readers and critics alike, authors such as Charles Bukowski, Franz Kafka, Jack London, and Italo Svevo had to make their livings in other ways.
un - Translation into English - examples Italian | Reverso Context
From traditional day jobsbakers, taxi driversto more questionable means of employmentacrobats, opium traffickersthe experiences of these artists are great backdrops for their later successes. Full of literary references, erudite insights, and plenty of flavor, this collection is a rewarding journey through the less-than-glamorous lives of some of the greatest authors of all time. Compuesto por 24 relatos anecdoticos fascinantes y muchas veces sorprendentes, este estudio literario explora los trabajos extranos que algunos de los escritores mas famosos del mundo tuvieron quehacer para mantenerse economicamente mientras trabajaban en sus obras maestras.
Antes de ser amados por lectores y criticos, autores como Charles Bukowski, Franz Kafka, Jack Londone Italo Svevo tuvieron que ganarse la vida de otras formas. Desde los trabajos diariospanaderos, taxistashasta los medios de trabajo mas cuestionablesacrobatas, traficantes del opiolas experiencias de estos artistas antes de hacerse famosos son grandes telones de fondopara sus exitos mas tardios.
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Llena de referencias literarias, perspicacias eruditas y mucho sabor, esta coleccion es un viaje gratificante a traves de las vidas menos glamorosas de algunos de los autores mas importantes de la historia. Seller Inventory UDL From: Gallix Gif sur Yvette, France. Published by Sellerio, Italy From: Black Cat Bookshop P. A Leicester, United Kingdom.
About this Item: Sellerio, Italy, Condition: Fine. No Jacket. Colour fashion plates with Italian introduction. Hardback with pictorial colour plate laid-onto front board. No dustwrapper as issued? But it also presents a great many new problems and challenges. It demands for the first time in history that people with knowledge take responsibility for making themselves understood by people who do not have the same knowledge base. That knowledge in the knowledge society has to be highly specialized to be productive implies two new requirements: that knowledge workers work in teams, and that if knowledge workers are not employees, they must at least be affiliated with an organization.
Actually people have always worked in teams; very few people ever could work effectively by themselves.
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The farmer had to have a wife, and the farm wife had to have a husband. The two worked as a team. And both worked as a team with their employees, the hired hands. The craftsman also had to have a wife, with whom he worked as a team—he took care of the craft work, and she took care of the customers, the apprentices, and the business altogether. And both worked as a team with journeymen and apprentices.
Much discussion today assumes that there is only one kind of team. Actually there are quite a few. But until now the emphasis has been on the individual worker and not on the team. With knowledge work growing increasingly effective as it is increasingly specialized, teams become the work unit rather than the individual himself. It is actually the most difficult kind of team both to assemble and to make work effectively, and the kind that requires the longest time to gain performance capacity. We will have to learn to use different kinds of teams for different purposes.
We will have to learn to understand teams—and this is something to which, so far, very little attention has been paid. The understanding of teams, the performance capacities of different kinds of teams, their strengths and limitations, and the trade-offs between various kinds of teams will thus become central concerns in the management of people. Equally important is the second implication of the fact that knowledge workers are of necessity specialists: the need for them to work as members of an organization.
Only the organization can provide the basic continuity that knowledge workers need in order to be effective. Only the organization can convert the specialized knowledge of the knowledge worker into performance. By itself, specialized knowledge does not yield performance. As a loner in his or her research and writing, the historian can be very effective.
But to educate students, a great many other specialists have to contribute—people whose specialty may be literature, or mathematics, or other areas of history. And this requires that the specialist have access to an organization.
This access may be as a consultant, or it may be as a provider of specialized services. But for the majority of knowledge workers it will be as employees, full-time or part-time, of an organization, such as a government agency, a hospital, a university, a business, or a labor union. In the knowledge society it is not the individual who performs. The individual is a cost center rather than a performance center. It is the organization that performs. Individually, knowledge workers are dependent on the job. They receive a wage or salary. They have been hired and can be fired. Legally each is an employee.
But collectively they are the capitalists; increasingly, through their pension funds and other savings, the employees own the means of production. And most social theory of industrial society is based, one way or another, on the relationship between the two, whether in conflict or in necessary and beneficial cooperation and balance.
In the knowledge society the two merge. But it is also increasingly the main source of capital for the knowledge society. Perhaps more important, in the knowledge society the employees—that is, knowledge workers—own the tools of production. The capitalist had to own the steam engine and to control it. Increasingly, the true investment in the knowledge society is not in machines and tools but in the knowledge of the knowledge worker.
Without that knowledge the machines, no matter how advanced and sophisticated, are unproductive. The market researcher needs a computer. The surgeon needs the operating room of the hospital and all its expensive capital equipment. This is true whether the knowledge worker commands advanced knowledge, like a surgeon, or simple and fairly elementary knowledge, like a junior accountant. In either case it is the knowledge investment that determines whether the employee is productive or not, more than the tools, machines, and capital furnished by an organization.
British emigrants to Italy
In the knowledge society the most probable assumption for organizations—and certainly the assumption on which they have to conduct their affairs—is that they need knowledge workers far more than knowledge workers need them. There is no higher or lower knowledge. And if an executive is posted to a foreign country, the knowledge he or she needs, and in a hurry, is fluency in a foreign language—something every native of that country has mastered by age three, without any great investment.
The knowledge of the knowledge society, precisely because it is knowledge only when applied in action, derives its rank and standing from the situation. Knowledges were always seen as fixed stars, so to speak, each occupying its own position in the universe of knowledge. In the knowledge society knowledges are tools, and as such are dependent for their importance and position on the task to be performed. One additional conclusion: Because the knowledge society perforce has to be a society of organizations, its central and distinctive organ is management.
But we have learned in this past half century that management is the distinctive organ of all organizations. All of them require management, whether they use the term or not.
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All managers do the same things, whatever the purpose of their organization. All of them have to bring people—each possessing different knowledge- together for joint performance.
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All of them have to make human strengths productive in performance and human weaknesses irrelevant.