Kids Girls. Would you like to rate and review this book? Add a Review Maybe Later. What the Frack? Paddy Manning. Be the first to write a review. Buy Now. Arrives at our Sydney warehouse in weeks and once received will be despatched with online tracking. Please allow additional time for delivery to your address. See the Delivery tab below for more details. Suddenly it seems, coal seam gas is being found everywhere: under homes, under farms, under forests.
Communities across the country are up in arms and governments are scrambling to satisfy competing demands for affordable energy with protection of our land and water. Big oil and gas companies hope Australia will soon be the biggest liquid natural gas exporter in the world, but Greenies and farmers are united in their opposition to coal seam gas extraction, especially on our most fertile agricultural land. In this brilliant account, journalist and energy expert Paddy Manning unpicks the coal seam gas extraction story, visiting drill sites, boardrooms, pipelines, parliamentary offices and angry farm-gate protests.
It seems that coal seam gas extraction may be one boom that's happening too fast.
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What the Frack? Everything You Need to Know about Coal Seam Gas | NewSouth Books
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What is coal seam gas?
Copyright All rights reserved. Please sign in to continue. Continue with Facebook Continue with Twitter. Don't have an account? But there are questions over what the best approach is — whether it involves extending the water trigger to include shale and tight gas or developing a new framework of national environment laws that require ministers to consider climate and water impacts when assessing development proposals.
The state director for the Wilderness Society in Western Australia, Jenita Enevoldsen, favours the latter, noting that the water trigger — now being examined as part of the Senate inquiry into water use by extractive industries — has not prevented coal seam gas development or fracking on the east coast.
Enevoldsen says strong national protections for water would be significant for the Kimberley, where ecosystems, such as the national heritage-listed Fitzroy river, rely on groundwater, but little is understood about the surface and groundwater interactions.
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Guardian Australia asked the environment and energy minister, Josh Frydenberg, if the government would consider extending the water trigger to shale and tight gas developments, and was told no legislative changes had been recommended after a review of the trigger in There will be no fracking in national parks, conservation areas, Indigenous Protected Areas, towns, residential and strategic assets, and areas of high cultural, environmental or tourism value.
The Australian Petroleum Production and Exploration Association Appea , representing the oil and gas industry, rejects the suggestion there is widespread opposition in the areas it operates.
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A spokesman for Origin Energy says the company plans to resume work in the Northern Territory as soon as practical, and gain the necessary approvals to complete the rest of its exploration work in the Beetaloo sub-basin. Before the moratorium, the company had drilled four wells and fracked one. He says the company aims to drill another five wells under its existing exploration permit and will complete a nine-well exploration and appraisal program by about But it has to do more assessments to determine if it is economically feasible to move to production.
Coal seam gas is a type of unconventional gas found in coal seams underground, where it is trapped by water and pressure. It is predominantly methane. Coal seam gas reserves are usually shallower than shale reservoirs. Not all coal seam gas requires fracking for extraction.
Gas is extracted by first drilling a vertical well into the coal seam which usually also requires drilling horizontally to extract the methane. It can require fracking using a high-pressure mix of water, sand and chemicals to fracture the rock. Water found in the coal seam must be pumped out to depressurise the coal seam and allow the gas to flow to the surface. Shale gas is predominantly methane that is found in shale rock formations. It is usually much deeper underground than coal seam gas and extracting shale gas requires more fracking to allow the gas to flow.
All Coal Seam Gas Mining around Australia to cease and Mining Entities held Accountable!
While not all coal seam gas reservoirs require fracking, all shale reservoirs do. Fracking for shale gas is water-intensive and usually more expensive to extract than coal seam gas. The word tight refers to the low permeability and porosity of the rock. The permeability of the rock is so low that significant amounts of hydraulic fracturing are required to extract the gas. A spokeswoman for Santos says it will resume its exploration in the McArthur basin as soon as it has approval. Opponents of unconventional gas exploration say the lifting of the NT moratorium should sound a warning to other parts of the country.
In Queensland, producing gasfields already cover more than 30, square kilometres of the country region. The chief executive of the Conservation Council of South Australia, Craig Wilkins, says support or opposition from governments to the unconventional gas industry does not appear to be dependent on party ideology.
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She says there are concerns about the potential presence of gas fields in pristine parts of the NT such as the water recharge area of the Mataranka Springs and Roper river in Katherine. The company relinquished portions of the licence last year to create a 25km exploration buffer zone from the springs and the Roper river. In Elliott and Marlinja, the water system is downstream from the Beetaloo sub-basin and continues south to Lake Woods, a wetlands area that provides an internationally significant habitat for water birds. It carries songlines.
As people who are connected to the land, we hold a responsibility to take care of it. Show Hide Hydraulic fracturing, known as fracking, is injecting a mix of water, sand and chemicals into underground rock to fracture it and stimulate the flow of gas or oil to the surface. Facebook Twitter Pinterest. What is the water trigger?
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